Notes on Ancient Temples of Odisha Article shared by: Notes on Ancient Temples of Odisha! The temples of Odisha, dating from the 8th to about mid th century, provide a study in one of the earliest movements in the Indo-Aryan style of architecture. In Bhubaneswar, several sanctuaries were erected so that taken together they form a city of temples. Outstanding is the great Lingaraja temple dedicated to Shiva as the Lord of the Lingam. The temple is built as a series of four halls—for offerings, dance, assembly and sanctuary. It represents the climax of the efforts of the Odishan sculptors to harmonise decorative sculpture with the architectural ensemble in all its glory and magnificence. The basement platform as well as the facades of the hall proper are covered with sculptured friezes reflecting the joy of life on earth and the energising power of the sun—Arka—the giver-of-all-life.
Age-old tradition of Odissi is manifested from Odisha Hindu temples and various sites of archaeological significance that are associated with Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism, the sculptures of which adorn dance postures of this art form. A form of illustrative anecdote of mythical and religious stories, devotional poems and spiritual ideas emoted by dancer with excellent body movements, expressions, impressive gestures and sign languages, its performance repertoire includes invocation, nrita, nritya, natya, and moksha.
This dance form includes themes from Vaishnavism and others associated with Hindu gods and goddesses like Shiva, Surya and Shakti. It encompasses thousands of verses that are structured in various chapters. Natalia Lidova, a Russian scholar, says that the text enlightens on several theories of Indian classical dances including that of Tandava dance of Lord Shiva, standing postures, basic steps, bhava, rasa, methods of acting and gestures.
Sites of archaeological and historical significance like caves and temples in Puri, Konarak and Bhubaneswar bear carvings that are historical manifestations of ancient art forms like music and dance.
Boita Rules and regulations regarding construction of ships were recorded in the Sanskrit Juktikalpataru. The Madalapanji records that king Bhoja built many ships with local wood. The ships have a single mast with a square sail. The first ship has standing elephants in the front part, two people seated in the center and two sailor with oars at the rear steering the ship. From December to early March, the retreating monsoons blow in the reverse direction.
The pattern reverses during January and February. Ships outbound from Tamralipta would have followed the Burmese coast, stopping at the Nicobar islands , a one-month journey. From there, they continued to the southeast, then sailed down the Malay Peninsula and through the strait of Malacca , and onward to Java or Bali, or headed northeast to Indochina or China.
An alternative route was southward down the coast of India, perhaps stopping in Ceylon, then southeast to Sumatra.
Odisha Tourism: Best Winter Holiday Destinations in Odisha for 2017
Compiling them in this blog. OdishaDiaries There are 30 Districts divided into 56 Sub divisions. Each district has its unique history and Culture. OdishaDiaries This is my attempt to highlight the rich culture and history of Odisha. Request everyone to share this as much as possible.
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It and parts of it were referred by different names in different era. According to some scriptures Mahabharata and some Puranas , a king Bali, the Vairocana , the son of Sutapa, had no sons. So, he requested the sage, Dirghatamas, to bless him with sons. The sage is said to have begotten five sons through his wife, the queen Sudesna. The prince Vanga founded Vanga kingdom , in the current day region of Bangladesh and part of West Bengal.
The prince Kalinga founded the kingdom of Kalinga , in the current day region of coastal Odisha, including the Northern Circars.
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Pyrochlore is interpreted as a primary liquidus phase in the nepheline syenite intrusion around Karlakot in the Nuapada district of Odisha. The intrusion occurs within granite mylonite of the Bastar Craton, close to its thrust contact with the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt. Pyrochlore compositions in the studied samples are almost similar with major oxide ranges of Nb2O5 Among the minor elements SrO is in the range of 0.
The pyrochlores are fluorine-rich with 1. Crystallographically, the B position, which is a -coordinated cation site, is dominantly occupied by Nb with minor substitution by Ti. The A position, which is a - coordination cation site, contains Ca and Na as the major cations. Dominance of Ca over Na, combined with negligible vacancy in the A-site, puts the pyrochlores into the calico-pyrochlore subgroup. Pyrochlore was stabilized as a liquidus phase most likely by F and Ta during magmatic crystallization.
Most minerals of Nb and Ta, and all economically important species of these elements, belong to the class of oxide minerals Cerny and Ercit, There are several groups of Nb- and Ta-bearing oxide minerals, of which the two most common are the pyrochlore group and columbite-tantalite group. The minerals of the pyrochlore group crystallize in the isometric system with a structure highly flexible and permissive of substitutions involving cations of diverse radii and charges.
The B position is a -coordinated cation site, typically occupied by high field-strength elements although other elements can also be present.
The ecosystem here supports an abundant biodiversity, and shelters a fair number of endangered species. Centuries ago, Chilika used to be a bay, its harbor providing a resting stop for ships on the way east. Being a port, it was an important center for maritime trade.
We give you the best winter holiday destinations in Odisha you can check out in November 8, Few other places in the country provide such a marvelous glimpse of religion and culture in India. Located on the east coast of the country, Odisha is home to some spectacular coastal villages, towns, beaches and some of the most popular pilgrim spots in India.
Its temples, food, people all make this state an extremely alluring prospect for a family vacation. The best time to visit Odisha is winter.
Lingaraj Temple Lingaraj Temple is a temple of the Hindu god Shiva and is one of the oldest temples of the Temple City Bhubaneswar, a revered pilgrimage center and the capital of the state of Odisha. The temple of Lingaraja, the biggest of all at Bhubaneswar is located within a spacious compound wall of latterite measuring feet by feet. The wall is 7 feet 6 inches thick and surmounted by a plain slant coping.
Alongside the inner face of the boundary wall there runs a terrace probably meant to protect the compound wall against outside aggression. The temple of Lingaraja is by far the most notable monument of Bhubaneswar. Rising to a height of about one hundred and eighty feet and dominating the entire landscape it represents the quintessence of the Kalinga type of architecture and the culminating result of the architectural tradition at Bhubaneswar.
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North East India Tours Monuments: The Soul of Odisha Tourism Odisha is dotted with innumerable monuments, elegantly carrying the history of years. Be it the archaic ruin or the unblemished architectural marvel, each monument a story to narrate a saga to reveal. The Monuments Tour in Odisha includes prehistoric caves, monasteries and sacred temples. Ancient Odisha formerly called as Kalinga or Utkal had witnessed the growth of temples, sculptures, forts and primitive vestiges of the port city.
These monuments often served as landmarks for guiding navigation during the historic times. Spot the ancient Brahmi scripts embellished on these walls, dating back to the bygone eras. Following are the famous monuments in Odisha Lingaraja Temple This exquisite 11th century temple is located in the centre of Bhubaneswar. It boasts of being the oldest and the largest temple in the city. The remarkable architecture of the temple reflects the splendour of Kalinga architecture.
It is constructed of red sandstone that stretches over a vast area of land. The majestic tower of the temple, raised to 55m, dominates the skyscape of the city. There are nearly 50 small shrines sited in the expansive courtyard of the temple.
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Status Preserved Ratnagiri was once the site of a mahavihara , or major Buddhist monastery, in the Brahmani and Birupa river valley in Jajpur district of Odisha , India. It is close to other Buddhist sites in the area, including Pushpagiri , Lalitgiri and Udayagiri. Excavated site Ratnagiri Ratnagiri monastery in Jajpur district of Odisha crowning flat hill-top is affording a panoramic view of the surrounding might have been chosen for the seclusion for the serene and calm atmosphere necessary for monastic life and meditation studies.
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It is surrounded by the states of West Bengal to the north-east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south and south-west. Odia formerly known as Oriya  is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by Thereafter, Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha.
After a brief debate, the lower house, Lok Sabha , passed the bill and amendment on 9 November He turned into a pacifist and converted to Buddhism. Kharavela was a Jain ruler. He also built the monastery atop the Udayagiri hill. By the reign of Yayati II, c. Yayati II is supposed to have built the Lingaraj temple at Bhubaneswar. Notable rulers of the dynasty were Anantavarman Chodaganga , who began construction on the present-day Jagannath Temple in Puri c. The region resisted integration into the Mughal empire until , when it was conquered by Sultanate of Bengal.
Mukunda Deva, who is considered the last independent king of Kalinga, was defeated and was killed in battle by a rebel Ramachandra Bhanja.