Geospatial revolution and remote sensing lidar in Mesoamerican archaeology. Western kingdoms of the Middle Preclassic, in L. The origins of the Maya states: University of Pennsylvania Museum. Architecture of early kingship: Royal courts of the ancient Maya, volume 2: The southern Maya in the Late Preclassic: University of Colorado Press.


Share via Email This article is over 2 years old Illustration of Beauty and the Beast, one of the fairytales believed to date from thousands of years ago. These stories have been told since before even English, French and Italian existed Dr Jamie Tehrani In the 19th century Wilhelm Grimm, of the Brothers Grimm, believed many of the fairy stories they popularised were rooted in a shared cultural history dating back to the birth of the Indo-European language family. But later thinkers challenged that view, saying some stories were much younger, and passed into oral tradition having first been written down by writers from the 16th and 17th centuries.

Beauty and the Beast and Rumpelstiltskin to be about 4, years old.

Mastery and Antiquity – a review by Jaime Murdoch. On March 12, , dating back to the 9th Century. The show began with impeccable harmonies that swelled and swayed and moved in time and in balance with the fine instrumentation of musical director, Michael Popp.

Though they may know it as carbon dating or carbon 14 dating, there is an understood notion that when anything old is found, like an ancient artifact, it can be radiocarbon dated to find out exactly how old it is. Yet, as simple and straightforward as this seems, the process of dating objects via radiocarbon is far from simple and straightforward. Here I will present what radiocarbon is, the dating methods, the assumptions that govern them, and the known discrepancies that plague the method.

With a thorough understanding of this dating method, it is my opinion that its ingenious fundamentals can be appreciated, yet greatly overshadowed by its limitations. Radiocarbon Every day cosmic rays bombard our atmosphere. These cosmic rays release free neutrons which zip around our nitrogen rich atmosphere at high velocities. As the Carbon 14 slowly descends into our lower atmosphere it bonds with oxygen becoming the very unpopular CO2 greenhouse gas Bowman, Though the vast majority of CO2 is comprised of the more common and stable isotope of carbon, carbon 12 C12 , a small fraction of CO2 one in million , contains C As is common fact, plants photosynthesize and consume CO2, fixing its carbon.

Since a small fraction of CO2 contains C14, some of carbon fixed within the plant is that of C When an organism dies, it obviously no longer eats, photosynthesizes, etc. There is therefore no way for additional C14 to enter the organism once dead. This leads to an important fact: Only materials once part of the biosphere organic can be dated with radiocarbon Bowman, 12 , with the exception of some non-organic materials which can be dated with radiocarbon if their formation involved C

The History, Antiquity and Chronology of Hinduism

As Berge noted in referring to bottles, the ” This bottle dating “key” is a relatively simple “first cut” on the dating of a bottle. Please be aware that in order to gain the maximum information about any particular bottle e. Unfortunately, the complexities of precisely dating bottles is beyond the scope of any simple key.

A substantial amount of bottle type specific information must be reviewed by a user to increase the probability of dating accuracy. Additional reference materials outside of this website must often be consulted to narrow down the date of any item as far as is possible and to really get a “feel” for the history of the bottle in question.

During the course of the evening, Travis Rupp will present brewing techniques and history behind Pachamama; a chicha beer produced in the Andes region of Peru dating back to AD , and Khonsu Im-Heb; a low-gravity Egyptian ale containing wild barley, emmer wheat, and kamut wheat dating between BC – AD

The circulation of stolen medical information may also give outsiders clues to re-identify anonymized medical data. Purloined information could serve as an answer key to solve the de-identification puzzle, since information in stolen medical data and anonymized patient dossiers may detail the same treatment by a named doctor with certain procedure codes, times of treatment, and prescribed drugs.

Risk Scenarios Secrets about health possess unique power to damage reputations, lead to discrimination, exclude someone from jobs and services, or wreak other damage. Actor Charlie Sheen knows about this negative impact all too well. In , he admitted that he had paid millions of dollars in blackmail to hide his HIV positive status.

People far from the glamour of Hollywood also face real risks. A nosy neighbor, a romantic rival, or business competitor—many people could benefit from revealing sensitive medical information. Medical data used as a weapon could also take on political or diplomatic dimensions. The bitterness of U.

Ancient history

In a recent visit he focused on strengthening ties between these two great countries. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu recently completed a tour of China designed to enhance bilateral relations between the two countries. Similarly, Chinese Ambassador to Israel Gao Yanping said that China and Israel have maintained close high-level contact in recent years, creating a good atmosphere for the growth of bilateral ties. The Chinese greatly admire what Israel has to offer.

Additionally, one Chinese president has visited Israel, while three Israeli prime ministers have visited China. If we work hand-in-hand, and combine our respective advantages, we will enjoy common development and win-win results.

The wearing of the Sacred Thread, the Kushti is a very ancient custom dating back to the Early Bronze Age (ca. BCE) the time the Vedic and Indic .

Kings of Scotland Bethoc, married to Crinan, Mormaer of Atholl and lay abott of Dunkeld. Earl David of Huntingdon d. King James I of Scotland A. King James II of Scotland m. Mary of Gueldres Janet Joan Stewart Sir Duncan Campbell m. Sir Robert Campbell m. William Campbell of Glenfalloch killed at Stirling m. Margaret Campbell married Donald Macgregor Ann Maxwell m. Margaret Barton Black b.

Mysterious ‘keeper of the secret’ tomb found in Egypt

It used animal fat as fuel and was used to provide light in cave dwellings years BC. The oil lamp is one of the oldest inventions of mankind, evidence dating between 15, to 12, years before Christ. At this time civilization, as we identify it, was unknown and prehistoric man inhabited cave-like environments. One characteristic prehistoric lamp was found in the cave of Lasceau, located in the area of Dordonis in France.

Discovered in , this cave was inhabited between 15, and 10, BC.

Amun Temple Siwa has a fascinating history dating back to the time of Alexander the Great. Located in Siwa, Egypt’s most isolated oasis, the temple is also routinely called the Temple of .

The Icelandic sagas contain many realistic descriptions of Viking Age combat. The earliest extant dedicated martial arts manual is the MS I. The manuscript consists of 64 images with Latin commentary, interspersed with technical vocabulary in German. While there are earlier manuals of wrestling techniques, I.

Wrestling throughout the Middle Ages was practiced by all social strata. Jousting and the tournament were popular martial arts practiced by nobility throughout the High and Late Middle Ages. The Late Middle Ages see the appearance of elaborate fencing systems, such as the German or Italian schools. In the Late Middle Ages , fencing schools Fechtschulen for the new bourgeois class become popular, increasing the demand for professional instructors fencing masters, Fechtmeister.

Renaissance to Early Modern period[ edit ] Further information: Early modern warfare The late medieval German school survives into the German Renaissance , and there are a number of printed 16th-century manuals notably the one by Joachim Meyer ,

Historical linguistics

In our modern world it represents calm, serenity, stability, consciousness and intellect. However, in prehistoric times blue was a colour that our early ancestors could see all around them but one that they could not use in their art. The first pigments used by prehistoric man were made from the natural organic materials they found in the world around them and were known as the earth pigments.

They were reds, yellows, browns, blacks and whites made from ochre, ground calcite, charcoal from camp fires and burnt bones.

View from BSBADM at University of Sydney. Pascual, Joey B. Port Maritime A ram was a weapon carried by varied types of ships, dating back to antiquity. The weapon.

Excavations over the last years have produced evidence of habitation off and on since the Mesolithic Age. Archaeologists date excavated remains anywhere from 9, B. The site of ancient Jericho, termed Tell es-Sultan by archaeologists, only covers approximately 10 acres, a modest size even in antiquity. Its 70 foot Tell has been cleared to the bedrock, and has revealed over 23 layers of ancient civilization.

The ancient city possessed a circumference of one mile. At the time of the conquest by Joshua, it is estimated the population of Jericho was around 2, people. Twenty percent of that population would have been available for defense of the city. Tell es-Sultan lies just over 1 mile 2km from the center of the modern day Jericho Israel, and a mere 18 miles 30km east of Jerusalem.

At feet m below sea level, this city is the lowest in the world.

United with Israel

The History, Antiquity and Chronology of Hinduism by Jayaram V The word Hinduism does not render full justice to the complexity of an ancient living religion that once dominated half of the world. Perhaps many Hindus may not even know what it actually means and what truly constitutes Hinduism. Hidden within its depths are very diverse traditions and religious practices that are often contradictory and unrelated.

What truly holds them together is the fact that they originated in a particular geographical area and hold certain common basic beliefs that are eternal, indisputable and validated by independent seekers of truth time and again. Concepts such as karma, maya, reincarnation, existence of a universal self and individual self, nature or prakriti, bondage of the soul, suffering as nature of earthly life, the role of a guru, and the possibility of salvation for the individual soul make Hinduism a complex religion, that caters to a wide range of people with different spiritual needs.

Some scholars contend that belief in the Vedas is a precondition to be recognized as a Hindu.

Dec 14,  · Located in the historic heart of Safed, The Antiquity Heart Mansion is housed in a stone building dating back from the 14th century. Its lush garden and elegant suites invite to relax. Free Wi-Fi.

According to a paper about the discovery in the journal Antiquity , the tomb had five chambers and included the remains of a woman around the age of A jade seal on her coffin indicates that here name was Wan Dinu. Four compartments below her burial chamber included chests that held lacquer objects, but one chamber contained four model looms, each about one-sixth normal size. The History Blog reports that archaeologists also found 15 carved figurines of men and women, weavers and their assistants, each about 10 inches high set up in a type of diorama around the looms, winding thread and using tools.

According to the study, the looms are a missing link between those earlier technologies and weaving machines known from several centuries later. It helps explain how Chinese weavers during the Han Dynasty were able to create the large quantities of Shu jin silk which was traded along the Silk Road throughout Eurasia and as far west as the Roman Empire. Eventually, the pattern loom was replaced by the even more versatile draw loom, which could create intricate patterns and images of animals and people.

Fairytales much older than previously thought, say researchers

The subsequent wealth of hitherto unknown records meticulously documented on, not hundreds or thousands, but tens of thousands of clay tablets uncovered by archeologists that were compiled by the scribes of this ancient culture has since astounded Archeologists, Theologians and scholars alike. The Ancient civilization of Sumer existed in the area of the Persian Gulf that was once known as Mesopotamia now southern Iraq.

The Sumerian writings are perhaps the oldest record of an actual civilization that we have any real knowledge of and, through clay tablets, cylinder seals and stele, the Sumerians have provided us with a graphic and richly detailed version of mans early histories including the story of creation, both of the earth and of man. The texts also tell us of fierce and devastating wars fought over the possession and control of the Earths resources that ultimately led to the utter destruction of the Sumerian civilization.

Many of these ancient texts are written in complex metaphor.

ANTIQUITY OF JAINISM. “There is truth in the Jain idea that their religion goes back to a remote antiquity, the antiquity in question being that of the pre-Aryan, dating back to third and perhaps even fourth millennium B. C.” 1. Claims of Eternity.

Medical treatises in the 19th and in the first half of the 20th century Antiquity Animal medicine and surgery are undoubtedly very ancient activities dating back to at least the time when species were domesticated. However, the first written documents did not appear until Antiquity. Authors in the Greek classical period, such as Xenophon c. The largest body of work appeared in the Roman Empire and the works of Roman agronomists such as Cato the Elder B.

This and the following century also saw the development of a corps of horse caregivers in the Roman army, the so-called mulomedici. Ancient therapists treated horses with means typically applied to humans: However, the first truly specialised body of work on the subject stemmed from authors living in the Eastern Roman Empire during the first four centuries of the common era.

They were the hippiatrists, from the Greek hippos -horse- and iatros- physician-, and worked wherever there was a great number of horses, in the army and the imperial post, or operated on valuable animals such as racehorses. These twenty or so authors are known from their letters, which were collected in the 10th century in a collection, the Hippiatrica. These equine therapists utilised techniques such as bleeding, purging and polypharmacy, treating horses with means typically applied to humans.

Dating/Antiquity of Srimad Bhagavatam

Madero [2] and the Nobel Laureate Octavio Paz. There is a veritable catalog of writers, poets, linguists and philosophers of almost all nations and movements, who have greatly appreciated and praised this treatise. Indian Sanskrit literature consists of three main sources, in Sanskrit prasthana-traya, that includes: It is the one stop app to know about deep concepts of Gaudiya sampradaya!

Modern historical linguistics dates from the late 18th century. It grew out of the earlier discipline of philology, the study of ancient texts and documents dating back to antiquity. At first, historical linguistics was comparative linguistics. The focus was on the well-known Indo-European languages, many of which had long written histories.

There is certainly no evidence of official contact between late Anglo-Saxon England and Byzantium in the tenth and eleventh centuries, but there are nonetheless oblique hints that people and envoys were on the move between the two opposite ends of Europe. Similarly, a fragment of the True Cross given to Aethelstan in the same collection may have had an eastern origin as well, since the Byzantines gave a similar relic to the Western Franks in The same pattern would continue into the reigns of Cnut and Edward the Confessor yet another so-so king , which tells you a little about how eastern imperial nomenclature was hardly unknown in late Anglo-Saxon England.

William of Malmesbury, a twelve-century historian, recorded that there was a Greek monk at Malmesbury named Constantine in the early eleventh century. More surprisingly, William also said that the monks believed that Constantine was once an archbishop, but did not know why he left his native land. This tale may well be legendary, but it does tell us something about what later generations thought about the possibility of foreigners in eleventh-century Malmesbury.

Sometime between and , we also know that a Greek monk named Andrew served in the New Minster at Winchester, since he was named in the local Book of Life, which recorded names that were to be commended to God during mass. This is a very unlikely suggestion, as Nikephoros of Herakleia was an equally obscure figure and there is no reason for us to think that he could have travelled all the way to England.

Measuring time in antiquity: Archaeoastronomy in the Greek and Roman worlds